5 Important Facts about Dengue

Dengue is a virus you can catch through the bite of a female Aedes mosquito. There are four varieties of the dengue virus. This illness is prevalent in tropical regions of the world however, there are certain cases in Europe. Additionally, people who are infected by the virus might not exhibit any indications of dengue.

It is a problem that affects many Asian or Latin American countries. It is the leading cause of hospitalization and death in both adult and child populations.

It is recommended to learn the subject of dengue so that you are aware of what you should do when you travel to a tropical location.

1. There are four types of dengue The Dengue Virus in Four Types

There are four kinds of the dengue virus. If you contract the disease by one virus you are still susceptible to the other three types of dengue virus. In addition, your body may create a defense against one specific virus that you have. But, you may contact one of three viruses.

  • DENV-2
  • DENV-3
  • DENV-4

This is the reason behind the various symptoms you may experience, based on the kind of virus that you suffer from. In addition, you may see these symptoms in the same areas in the world in which the disease is prevalent.

2. Areas that have the Most Cases of Dengue

The majority of these locations are zones of tropical climates around the globe. The tropical climate allows mosquitoes to thrive.

  • Southeast Asia
  • Southern China
  • Taiwan
  • Pacific Islands
  • The Caribbean Except for Cuba and Cayman Islands.
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • Central as well as South America except for Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina

3. Treatment and Symptoms

Many people do not show any symptoms of dengue. But, the signs of dengue are misinterpreted as signs of other illnesses. Within four or 10 days after bites of the mosquito, symptoms reminiscent of flu begin to manifest. For instance, the dengue virus and then these symptoms:

  • Headache
  • The muscles are aching and the joints
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • You may feel pain in your eyes.
  • There are skin rashes that can be seen.

Common causes of infection could be treated in a matter of weeks or more. However, symptoms could be worsening and can even turn life-threatening. A severe case of Dengue fever may cause internal organs to become swollen. This is because it occurs when the blood vessels of your blood get broken and leaky. Additionally, the amount of cells that form clots in your bloodstream is likely to decrease.

4. Warning Signals

  • A stomachache that is unbearable
  • Vomiting occasionally
  • The bleeding from your gums or your nose
  • There’s blood in your stool, urine, or your vomit
  • A few bruising spots on your skin
  • It is difficult to breathe
  • You’re tired and unfocused.

You’ll begin to experience these symptoms after a week or two after your fever will disappear. If you notice the signs, you must see a doctor right as soon as you notice symptoms.

There are no specific medicines that can treat this condition. Painkillers that don’t contain aspirin are often utilized to treat symptoms that are not apparent at first. If it becomes worse, you must visit the hospital being examined.

5. How to prevent getting Dengue Dengue

A vaccine against dengue that is approved by the FDA is now available. It is only available for those with a previous history of dengue fever and who have had the infection before. In addition, those who didn’t have an infection before can’t get the vaccine. The vaccine can increase the chance of developing a serious case of the disease shortly. The U.S. FDA only approved the vaccine for youngsters aged 9-16.

Because there aren’t any medications readily available, you must take precautions to protect yourself. There are numerous methods to safeguard yourself from it.

  • Wear trousers and love sleeves while you’re outdoors. It is also possible to use long socks to provide protection.
  • Make sure the windows are secured and do not have holes. Make use of mosquito nets if are in a room that does not have air conditioning.
  • Get in touch with your doctor immediately If you are suffering from symptoms from the infection.

To reduce the potential mosquito breeding sites eliminate items that are prone to collecting rain. These include your old tires, cans as well as flowerpots. It is necessary to replace the water that is in the birdbaths and pet’s drinking water now and then.

6. Common Risk Factors and Complications

There’s a chance that you’ll have a greater risk factor if located in or travel to the tropical region. Additionally, it could increase your vulnerability to the virus. If you’ve had previous prior history or experience with Dengue fever before this, you may increase the likelihood of getting it in the future.

The most frequent complications of dengue fever include internal bleeding and organ damage. If you’re pregnant and suffer from dengue fever, the infection may be passed on to your baby. There’s a higher chance of giving birth earlier to your baby. Your baby may not be healthy when born due to the virus.

Do not let mosquitoes attack you. Make sure you are using mosquito repellents and other things to keep yourself safe. When you travel to tropical tropical areas, be sure to protect yourself from mosquitoes. If you experience disease symptoms, you must visit the hospital immediately.

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